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Anthony from Negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery. The legion was attached to the Army of the Potomac, in Aug., 1863, and Gen. (From Historical Data System’s American Civil War Research Database at In Jan., 1866, he was relieved of this command; in 1867-68 commanded the third military district, organized under the Reconstruction act of Congress, comprising the states of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia; in 1868-70 the Department of the Lakes, in 1870-84 the Department of the Missouri, and from 1884 till his retirement the Department of the Pacific. After the reduction of the army to a peace footing he was made colonel and inspector-general (1816). The subjects of his many portraits include: Henry Clay, Judge Storrs, Colonel Wadsworth, Daniel Webster, members of the Trumbull family, and a large head of Napoleon III., from life (1838). After the evacuation by the enemy, and in the midst of the fortification of Corinth against his return from the south, Halleck was visited by two assistant secretaries of war and one U. senator, to urge his acceptance of the office of general-in-chief, which had been tendered him, but which he declined until events in the Peninsular campaign forced his acceptance of the honor. 28, he wrote the letter which constitutes “the only official explanation of the final removal of Mc Clellan from command, Nov. Grant became lieutenant-general of the army, Halleck remained at Washington as chief of staff March 12, 1864, to April 19, 1865 and from April 22 to July 1 of the latter year was in command of the military division of the James with headquarters at Richmond. 30 he took command of the division of the Pacific, from which he was relieved by Gen. Thomas, and on March 16, 1869, was transferred to that of the South, with headquarters at Louisville, Ky. 3, 1867, with the rank of major-general, for disability incurred from wounds received in battle, and he died in Washington, D. “Hawkins Zouaves” suffered their greatest casualties at the Battle of Antietam. He was wounded and captured, and spent nearly a year in various Confederate prisons, refusing to accept a release conditional upon his promise not to take up arms again in defense of the Union. 15, 1862, he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers to date from July 21, 1861, and organized the Corcoran legion, which he commanded in the battles on the James, near Suffolk, in April, 1863, and in checking the advance of the Confederates upon Norfolk. He proved efficient in checking the hostilities of the Indians in Minnesota, and held that command till 1865, when he was transferred to the military division of the Missouri, subsequently the Department of Missouri. (From Historical Data System’s American Civil War Research Database at He was badly wounded in his first battle, that of Queenstown Heights, received a major’s commission April 13, 1813, took part at Plattsburg and was brevetted lieutenant-colonel. He became an associate of the National Academy of Design in 1831, and an Academician in 1832, and received a gold palette for the best miniature portrait in the art exhibition of the New York State fair in 1844. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery. In 1860-61 he was major-general of the militia of California, and at the outbreak of the Civil war tendered his services to the government, and was appointed major-general on recommendation of Gen. After the victory at Shiloh Halleck took the field, having, March 11, 1862, succeeded to the command of the Department of the Mississippi, and the siege of Corinth took place under his personal direction.

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For his gallantry on this occasion he was breveted lieutenant-colonel and commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, and after being confined as a prisoner of war and being absent on sick leave, he returned to duty in June, 1862, and commanded a division in the Army of Virginia during the Northern Virginia campaign, where he participated in the battles of second Bull Run and Cedar mountain and in the actions at Rappahannock station and Thoroughfare gap. This he resigned, being unwilling to oppress his people and in 1849 he emigrated to America, locating in New York. His first service in the Civil War was as commander of the District of northern Missouri, from which he was transferred successively to the southwestern and the central districts, and on Dec. Sterling Price at Blackwater, and forced the Confederates to retreat below the Osage river. Shumway was born 7/4/1807 in Middletown, CT; died 5/6/1884 in New York City. He attended the public schools; served as a clerk in his father’s office until his twenty-first birthday, and at an early age produced pencil sketches, mostly portraits, of considerable promise. As secretary under the military governments of Gens. Butler at Fort Monroe, Va., June 1 to July 20, and was commissioned colonel of the 3d Vt. On June 28, 1862, he was brevetted lieutenant-colonel, U. A., for gallant and meritorious services in the battle of White Oak swamp, and in the Maryland campaign he was in command of a division of the Army of the Potomac, being engaged in the battles of South mountain and Antietam, and on the march to Falmouth. He was on special duty, under the orders of the secretary of war, from Nov. 15, 1865, and was then on leave of absence until March 7, 1867, when he resigned from the regular army, having resigned his volunteer commission on Nov. For his services here he received the brevet of major-general, and at a later date was presented swords by New York and Congress, with the thanks of the latter. Brigadier-General William Selby Harney (1800-1889) was born near Haysboro, Tenn., Aug. 1, 1863, and on March 13, 1865, was brevetted major-general U. At Buena Vista he chose the ground, disposed the forces for action and led them in the beginning of the battle. He was relieved of his command May 29, 1861, was placed on the retired list Aug. 19, he fought with his own troops along the battle of Shepherdstown and captured four guns. At the battle of Fredericksburg he commanded the left grand division under Burnside. Burnside, by complaining that Franklin did not obey orders in this battle caused the latter to be sharply censured by the Congressional committee on the conduct of the war, and he was also removed from his command for insubordination. During the next year he acted as assistant to the board of engineers at Washington, D. Brigadier-General Louis (Ludwig) Blenker (1812-1863) was born in Worms Hesse Darmstadt, Germany, July 31, 1812. He was promoted major-general of volunteers on July 4, having been brevetted brigadier-general U. At Antietam he commanded the 5th army corps under Mc Clellan, and on Sept. 14, 1862, and engaged in the battle of Antietam three days later. Major-General Henry Wager Halleck (1815-1872) was born at Westernville, Oneida, county, N. On July 1, 1839, he was appointed second lieutenant in the engineer corps of the army, and from his marked ability and skill as an instructor, while still a cadet, was retained as assistant professor of engineering at the academy until June 28, 1840. Card mount has been trimmed at sides and top corners clipped. After taking part in the action of Falling Waters on July 2, Gen. From left to right, Captain Clark, General Mc Clellan, Captain Van Vliet, and Major Barry. When the Civil war broke out he was promoted colonel of the 12th infantry, May 14, 1861, brigadier-general of volunteers, May 17, 1861, and major-general of volunteers, July 4, 1862. Franklin’s first service in the volunteer army was at Bull Run, July 21, 1861, when he commanded a brigade and engaged in the heaviest fighting of the day around the Henry house.

Fort Richardson, a Texas frontier fort active from 1867 to 1878, was named for him. Richardson Camp #2 of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War in Oakland, Michigan, was also named for the fallen general. He was promoted colonel of the 15th infantry, May 14, 1861, and on May 17, was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers. C., rising in this interval also to the rank of captain, July 1, 1857. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery.

25 he was arrested, the charges against him being made known on Dec. He was charged with having failed to join Pope at Bristoe on the morning of Aug. Photographic Negative from Brady’s National Portrait Gallery, published by E&HT Anthony, NY. James Brewerton Ricketts, brigadier-general, was born in New York City, June 21, 1817. 15, was assigned to command the 19th army corps, which he directed under Banks in the Red River expedition of 1864. Major-General John Pope (1822-1892) was born in Louisville, Ky., March 16, 1822; was graduated at the United States military academy and appointed a brevet second lieutenant of topographical engineers in 1842; was promoted second lieutenant May 9, 1846, first lieutenant March 3, 1853, captain July 1, 1856, brigadier-general July 14, 1862, major-general Oct. In the volunteer service he was commissioned brigadier-general May 17, 1861, promoted major-general March 21, 1862, and was mustered out Sept. During his military career he was brevetted first lieutenant Sept. Here he remained several years, with the exception of time spent in 1845 on a tour of inspection of public works in Europe, receiving while absent a promotion to first lieutenant. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery. Major-General William Farrar “Baldy” Smith (1824-1903) was born in the state of Vermont, and was a cadet at the U. military academy from July 1, 1841 to July 1, 1845, when he was graduated and promoted in the army to brevet second lieutenant of topographical engineers. He was a leading member of the revolutionary government at Worms, in 1849, and upon the overthrow of the revolutionist cause, was forced to retire to Switzerland.

He was relieved of his command in November, and was ordered to Washington to appear before a military commission and answer charges preferred against him by Gen. A court-martial was subsequently ordered, the first order being revoked, and on Nov. The failure of the president to approve the order of removal led to Burnside’s resignation of his command. Franklin returned to duty in July, 1863, and on Aug. C., and was thence transferred to assist in the construction of the fortifications in New York harbor. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery. While in the service of the Bavarian legion, which accompanied King Otto to Greece, he attained the rank of lieutenant, in 1837.

21, 1863, and “forever disqualified from holding any office of trust or profit under the government of the United States.” The justice or injustice of the verdict was the subject of much controversy, and numerous appeals were subsequently made by Porter to have the case reopened. Porter was engaged in business in New York for a time; was superintendent of the construction of the New Jersey insane asylum, 1872-75; commissioner of public works in New York City, 1875-77; assistant receiver of the Central railroad of New Jersey, 1877-82; police commissioner of New York City, 1884-88; fire commissioner, 1888-89; and cashier of the New York post office, 1893-97. He was promoted captain in 1852, served in Florida against the Seminole Indians, and was then on frontier and garrison duty until the Civil war. 2, 1864, when he was placed on duty as president of the retiring board at Wilmington, Del., in which capacity he served until Nov. During his leave, while still an invalid, he was captured by Confederate raiders while riding on a train of the Baltimore & Philadelphia road, but made his escape the same night. March 13, 1865 for gallant and meritorious services in the field during the war. (From Historical Data System’s American Civil War Research Database at 23, 1847, for services at the battle of Buena Vista , and major-general, March 13, 1865, for services at the capture of Island No. His early service included duty in Florida in 1842-44, in the survey of the boundary between the United States and the British provinces, and in the Mexican war. In his military capacity he accompanied several expeditions; in that of Col. He was on the survey of the boundary between the United States and Mexico 1850-52, on the survey of the canal route across Florida in 1853, and was commissioned first lieutenant of topographical engineers on March 3, 1853. 4 to March 17, being engaged in the battle of Fredericksburg. He served as chief engineer of the Department of the Cumberland, Oct. Y., and later engaged in business in New York City. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery.

obscures the location of this “Photographist’s” studio. 28, and with having disobeyed two orders at the second battle of Bull Run on Aug. The court-martial found him guilty of the charges preferred, and he was cashiered Jan. (From Historical Data System’s American Civil War Research Database at He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1839, served during the Canadian border disturbances, and took part in the Mexican war, where he was engaged in the battle of Monterey and held the Riconda pass during the battle of Buena Vista. He was wounded at the battle of Sabine crossroads, April 8, 1864, and was on sick leave until Dec. Photographic negative by Brady’s National Portrait Gallery. 23, 1846, for gallant conduct in the several conflicts at Monterey; captain, Feb. At the outbreak of the war with Mexico, he was sent to California as engineer of military operations for the Pacific coast, and after a seven-month voyage in the transport Lexington, reached Monterey, Cal., which he partially fortified as a port of refuge for the Pacific fleet, and a base for incursions into California by land. He served as assistant topographical engineer on the survey of the Northern lakes, 1845-46; at the military academy as assistant professor of mathematics, Nov. 21, 1848; as assistant topographical engineer on explorations in the Department of Texas, 1848-50, being commissioned second lieutenant of topographical engineers on July 14, 1849. (From Historical Data System’s American Civil War Research Database at Being ordered to leave that country also, he emigrated in Sept., 1849, to the United States, where he at first undertook to cultivate a farm in Rockland county, N.

From May to August he commanded the 5th army corps, Army of the Potomac, and directed its operations in the battles of New bridge, Hanover Court House, Mechanicsville, Gaines’ mill, Turkey tavern, and Malvern hill. on June 27 for gallantry at Chickahominy, was transferred to northern Virginia in August and commanded his corps under Pope at the second battle of Bull Run, subsequently protecting Washington by occupying the right bank of the Potomac. He was in almost all the battles of the Peninsula, engaging at Yorktown, West Point, White Oak bridge, Savage Station, Malvern hill and Harrison’s landing, and, after his return to Maryland with the army, commanded the left of the army at Crampton’s gap, South mountain, Sept. After a common-school education, received at Hudson Academy, and a partial course at Union College, he entered the United States Military Academy July 1, 1835, graduating four years later third in a class of thirty-one.